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Centre for Occupational Research and Development (CORD). (2012). What is
contextualized learning. Retrieved from http://www.cord.org/contextual-learning-definition/

Edutopia. (2014). Project-based learning. Retrieved from

Government of Saskatchewan, Ministry of Economy. (2013). Adult education principles.
            Retrieved from http://economy.gov.sk.ca/abe/principles

Lamer, J. and Mergendoller, J.R. (2010). Seven essentials for project-based learning.
Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/ sept10/vol68/num01/Seven_Essentials_for_Project-Based_Learning.aspx

Ministry of Education. (2010). Saskatchewan Renewed Curricula: Understanding
outcomes. Retrieved from http://www.education.gov.sk.ca/Renewed-Curricula-Understanding-Outcomes

Ontario Ministry of Education, Student Achievement Division. (2013, May). Inquiry-based
 learning. Retrieved from

Ross, R., (1992). Dancing with a ghost: Exploring Indian reality. Markham, ON: Reed

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2014).
Innovation in education: Adult literacy. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/education/innovation-education/adultliteracy.htm

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). (2014).
Education Literacy. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/education-building-blocks/literacy/


Campbell, L. (2012, November). Dealing with stress: Workbook. Northwest Territories
Literacy Council. Retrieved from http://www.nwt.literacy.ca/adultlit/career_life_work/dealing_with_stress_workbook.pdf

Campbell, L. (2012, November). Personal management skills. Instructors resource.
Northwest Territories Literacy Council. Retrieved from
Campbell, L. (2012, November). Dealing with conflict. Workbook. Northwest Territories
Literacy Council. Retrieved from http://www.nwt.literacy.ca/resources/adultlit/career_life_work/dealing_with_conflict_workbook.pdf

Composite Learning Index. (2010). The four pillars. Canadian Council on Learning.
Ottawa: ON. Retrieved from http://www.cli-ica.ca/en/about/about-cli/pillars.aspx

Employment and Social Development Canada. (2014). Skills definitions and levels of
complexity: Continuous learning. Retrieved from http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/jobs/les/definitions/index.shtml

Employment and Social Development Canada. (2014). Skills definitions and levels of     complexity: Working with Others. Retrieved from

Delors, J. et al. (1996). Learning: The treasure within. Report to UNESCO of the
International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0010/001095/109590eo.pdf
Department of Business, Innovation and Skills. (2012). What are the ‘soft skills’ employers
want?  Retrieved from https:nationalcareersservice.direct.gov.uk/aboutus/newsarticles/Pages/Spotlight-SoftSkills.aspx

Elder, J. (2007). Exercise your college reading skills: Goal-setting. Retrieved from
Gay, K. (2009, March). Soft skills training for job readiness.  Retrieved from

Government of Alberta. (2009). Managing school transitions: Promising practices in
Alberta’s Schools. Retrieved from http://education.alberta.ca/media/1074988/

James, K. and Nightingale, C. (2005). Self-esteem, confidence and adult learning.         Retrieved from http://www.niace.org.uk/Research/HDE/Documents/

Kirp, D.L. (2014, August). Teaching is not a business. Retrieved from

Lamer, J. and Mergendoller, J.R. (2010). Seven essentials for project-based learning.
Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/ sept10/vol68/num01/Seven_Essentials_for_Project-Based_Learning.aspx

Laubach Literacy Ontario.  (2014). Web resources. Retrieved from

Literacy and Basic Skills Educators in Ontario. (n.d.). Working with adult learners.
Retrieved from http://www.lbspractitionertraining.com/pdcourses/practitioners/working-with-adult-learners/

Merriam, E. (n.d.). A lazy thought. Retrieved from http://twowritingteachers.

Nonesuch, K. (2010, September). Advice about giving advice.  Retrieved from             http://www.ns.literacy.ca/ttvideo_advice.htm
NWT Literacy Council. (2012, November). Job success strategies : Instructional report.
Retrieved from http://www.nwt.literacy.ca/resources/adultlit/ career_life_work/job_success_manual.pdf

Quigley, A. (2014).  Improving Learner Retention and Attendance.  Retrieved from

Stern, C. (2014. January). Leading with emotional intelligence in the workplace.
Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OoLVo3snNA0


Tawfik, M. (July 2010). Soft skills. Retrieved from

Project-Based Learning Websites
Damiani, V.B. (2004). Portfolio assessment in the classroom. Retrieved from

Edutopia. (2014). Project-based learning. Retrieved from

Edutopia. (2011, August). Project-based learning workshop activities.  Retrieved from

Edutopia. (2010). An introduction to project-based learning. Retrieved from

Stolt, P. (2013). Project-based learning. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/

Wynne, R. (n.d.). Characteristics of adult learners. Retrieved from

Wynne, R. (n.d.). Problem-based learning. Retrieved from http://www.assetproject.

Inquiry-Based Learning Websites
Educational Broadcasting Corporation. (2004). Concept to classroom: Inquiry-based
learning. Retrieved from

Integrated inquiry-based lessons. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Ontario Ministry of Education. (2013, May). Inquiry-based learning. Retrieved from

Park, A. (2012). Decomposition lab. Retrieved from

Park, A. (2010). An introduction to discipline-based inquiry learning. Galileo Educational
 Network. Retrieved from http://galileo.org

Galileo Educational Network. (2007). The inquiry learning community. Retrieved from

Workplace Preparation Websites

ABE Life Literacy Canada. (2014). $Money matters: Tips and resources. Retrieved from

Campbell, L. (2012, November). Soft skills for work: Workbook. Northwest Territories
Literacy Council. Retrieved from http://www.nwt.literacy.ca/resources/adultlit/

Canadian Centre for Financial Literacy. (2009). CCFL Community facilitator Training
Toolbox. Retrieved from http://www.theccfl.ca/Resources/CCFL-Activities—Worksheets.aspx

Cover Letters and Resume. (2013). Truck Driver Resumes. Retrieved from

Credenda. (2014). What is Apprenticeship. Retrieved from

Government of Canada. (2014). Hourly minimum wages in CANADA for adult workers.
            Retrieved from http://www.srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/SM-MW/rpt2.aspx?

Government of Canada. (2014). Preparing for a job interview. Retrieved from

Government of Canada. (2013). Skills inventory. Retrieved from

Mildon, H. (2008, April). Community works handout. Ottawa, ON: Community Coalition
for Literacy. Retrieved from http://www.occl.ca/pubs/community-works/cw-handbook/cw-handbook.pdf

Mining Canada. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.mining-canada.com/?G1sk

National Aboriginal Health Organization (NAHO). (2006, November). First Nations
 Occupational Health and Safety: A discussion paper. Retrieved from

Phibbs, B. (2014). The retail doctor’s blog: 10 retail selling tips. Retrieved from

Saskatchewan Mining Association. (2012). Uranium: Radiation protection and worker
safety. Retrieved from http://www.saskmining.ca/commodity-info/Commodities/26/uranium.html

SLH Transport Inc. (2014). Driver application form. Retrieved from

The Conference Board of Canada. (2010). What you don’t know can hurt you:
 Literacy’s impact on workplace health and safety. Retrieved from

The Learning Centre. (n.d.). Workplace schedules. Retrieved from

Wow Jobs. (n.d.) Early Childhood Education. Retrieved from


Acosta, J. (2014). Best of the reader: Favorite stories from The Westcoast Reader.
            Retrieved from http://bestofthereader.ca/?page_id=409

Decoda Literacy Solutions. (n.d.) Learning disabilities: Accommodations & assistive
technology. Retrieved from decoda.ca/learning-disabilities-accommodations-assistive-technology/


Employment and Social Development Canada. (n.d.). Oral Communication Tip Sheet.
Retrieved from http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/jobs/les/tools/support/oral_comm_tip_sheet.shtml

ESL Literacy Network. (n.d.). Reading Instruction. Bow Valley College. Retrieved from

Jeffries. (2010, December). Five elements of a story (rap). Retrieved from  

Literacy Connects. (2011). Working on sound-symbol relationships. Retrieved from

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. (2014). Communication. Retrieved from

National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA). (n.d.). Teaching reading. Retrieved from

National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA). (n.d.). Stimulating ideas for writing. Retrieved
 from https://www.nala.ie/tutors/top-tips/teaching-writing/stimulating-ideas

Nielsen, L. (2011, September). 25 incredible assistive technologies. Retrieved from

NWT Literacy Council. (n.d.). How to kit: Writing ideas. Retrieved from

NWT Literacy Council. (n.d.). Youth and adult literacy (resources). Retrieved from

Reading A-Z.(n.d.). Reading and word-attack strategies. Retrieved from http://www.

Saskatoon Public Schools. (n.d.). Instructional Strategies Online: KWL Chart. Retrieved
             from http:/olc.spsd.sk.ca/De/PD/instr/strats/kwl/index.html

Study Guides and Strategies. (n.d.). KWL reading method: Reading and research series.
            Retrieved from www.studygs.net/texred3.htm

Word Recognition Skills and Strategies.  (n.d.). Retrieved from

WorkSafe Saskatchewan. (n.d.).  Distracted driving. Retrieved from


Alberta Education, School Technology Branch. (2012). Digital citizenship policy
development guide. Edmonton, AB: Author. Retrieved from http://education.alberta.ca/media/6735100/digital%20citizenship%20policy%20development%20guide.pdf

Capriciousmuse. (n.d.). Think before you click. Retrieved from

Common Sense Media. (2013). Educate families: Media and technology program:
Family tip sheets. Retrieved from http://www.commonsensemedia.org/educators/educate-families

Cronin, A. (2013, December). Assistive technology resource roundup. Retrieved from

CyberWise. (2013). CyberWise guides. Retrieved from http://www.cyberwise.org/Cyber-

Define the Line. (2013). Clarifying the blurred lines between cyberbullying and digital
 citizenship. Retrieved from definetheline.ca/dfl/

Gurria, A. (2013). Skilled for life?: Key findings from the survey of adult skills. Retrieved
 from http://www.oecd.org/site/piaac/SkillsOutlook_2013_ebook.pdf

Hashtags.org. (2006-2012). Quick start guide to hashtags. Retrieved from

Holding, D. (2007). Learn typing. Retrieved from
Internet Keep Safe Coalition. (2010). Workshop 2: Playing and staying safe online:
Student handouts. Retrieved from https://static.googleusercontent.com/media/www.google.com/en//educators/learning_materials/digitalliteracy/workshop2_student.pdf

Internet Keep Safe Coalition. (2010). Workshop 3: Steering clear of cyber tricks: Student
handouts. Retrieved from http://static.googleusercontent.com/external_content/untrusted_dlcp/www.google.com/en//educators/learning_materials/digitalliteracy/workshop3_student.pdf

MediaSmarts: Canada’s Centre for Digital and Media Literacy. (n.d.). Cyber security
computer tip sheet. Retrieved from http://mediasmarts.ca/sites/default/files/pdfs/tipsheet/CyberSecurityConsumerTipsheetv4.pdf

MediaSmarts: Canada’s Centre for Digital and Media Literacy. (n.d.). Digital literacy
fundamentals. Retrieved from http://mediasmarts.ca/digital-media-literacy-fundamentals/digital-literacy-fundamentals#what

Ontario Literacy Coalition. (2011, October). Menial no more: A discussion paper on
advancing our workforce through digital skills. Toronto, ON: Author. Retrieved from http://abclifeliteracy.ca/files/Menial_no_more_ESO.pdf

PBWorks. (2011). Social media guidelines for students. Retrieved from

Plunkett, C. (n.d.) Digital literacy: Digital literacy in your classroom. Retrieved from

Safekids.com. (n.d.). Family contract for digital citizenship. Retrieved from

TeensHealth. (2013). Protecting your online identity and reputation. Retrieved from

TheOnlineMom. (2011). 7 steps to improved online security. Retrieved from

Tuttle, C. (2013). How to start a blog and get it right (complete walkthrough): The
beginner’s guide to creating your own blog. Retrieved from http://www.theblogbuilders.com/how-to-start-a-blog/

Wood, D.L. (2011). Digital fluency. Retrieved from  http://www.slideshare.net/


Abanador, R.R.M., (2012, October). Solving Geometry-related problems. Retrieved from
Banfill, J. (2011). AAAMath. Retrieved from http://www.aaamath.com/

Barrow, M. (2013). Interactive Maths Games and Activities. Woodlands Resources.
 Retrieved from http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/maths/

BBC Skillswise. (2014). Maths: Practical, common-sense maths for adults. Retrieved from

Campbell, L. (2009). Home math: Everyday math skills. Northwest Territories Literacy
Council. Retrieved from http://www.nwt.literacy.ca/resources/adultlit/ everyday_math/home_math_wrkbk.pdf

Campbell, L. (2009). Kitchen math: Everyday math skills. Northwest Territories Literacy
 Council. Retrieved from http://www.nwt.literacy.ca/resources/adultlit/

Campbell, L. (2009). Money math: Everyday math skills. Northwest Territories Literacy
Council. Retrieved from http://www.nwt.literacy.ca/resources/adultlit/ everyday_math/money_math_wrkbk.pdf

Croft, A.S. & Keir, M.L. (n.d.). Project suggestions coorelated to chapters in a Geometry
text. Retrieved from http://www.math.utah.edu/~keir/geoproj.pdf

Employment and Social Development Canada. (n.d.). Work-related injuries. Retrieved
 from http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/[email protected]?iid=20

Eugenie Kitchen. (2013, May). Basic cooking measuring tips. Retrieved from

Exploratorium. (n.d.). The accidental scientist: Science of cooking. Retrieved from

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. (2011). Essential skills and
 apprenticeship: Essential skills workbook for the trades. Retrieved from

Khan Academy. (2014). Math resources. Retrieved from http://khanacademy.org/math
Khutoryansky, E. (2014, January). Algebra and Mathematics. Explained with easy to
understand 3D. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJYsXGbxueY

Learning and Skills Improvement Service. (2013). Integrating employability into
numeracy teaching and learning. Retrieved from http://repository.excellencegateway.org.uk/fedora/objects/import-pdf:9486/datastreams/PDF/content

Learning Zone Express. (n.d.). Baking Math Video Worksheet. Retrieved from

Manitoba Advanced Education and Literacy. (2012, January). Transitions: Bridging
success to numeracy.  Retrieved from  www.edu.gov.mb.ca/ael/all/educators/transitions/et_bridging_num.pdf

math.com. (2005). Calculators. Retrieved from http://www.math.com/students/

MathIsFun.com. (2014). Teacher’s page. Retrieved from

Multiplication.com. (n.d.). Teaching the times table. Retrieved from

Munro, S. (n.d.). How to calculate volume for topsoil gardening. Retrieved from

Park, S. (n.d.). Table for 22: A real world Geometry project. Retrieved from

Primary Resources. (n.d.). Numbers and the number system: Ratio and proportion.
Retrieved from http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/maths/mathsB7.htm

Russell, D. (n.d.). How to use math journals. Retrieved from

Saskatchewan Literacy Network. (2008). A practitioner’s guide to the levels 1 and 2
numeracy benchmarks. Saskatoon, SK: Author. Retrieved from https://saskliteracy.ca/pdf_links/benchNumeracyManual.pdf

Tanner, W., Lehmann, J., Ciancone, T., and Larsen, A. (2009-2011)  A social and holistic
 approach to numeracy. Retrieved from www.socialnumeracy.ca

Wells Fargo Bank. (2012). Hand on banking instructor guide: Money skills you need for
life. Retrieved from http://www.handsonbanking.org/nav_elements/teachers_guide_PDF/Teen_T_Guide.pdf


Adult Learning and Literacy. (2012, September). Recognition of prior learning (rpl)
            manual. Retrieved from http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/ael/all/plar/manual.pdf

Alberta Learning Information Services. (2001-2014). Easy reading: Help for career           advisors. Retrieved from http://alis.alberta.ca/ec/cp/oi/ERadvisors.html
Canadian Council of Teachers of English Language Arts. (n.d.). Linking instruction and
assessment: Teacher planning model. Retrieved from http://www.cctela.ca/assess_dec15.pdf

Gerstein, J. (2013). Learning agency, technology, and emotional intelligence.
Retrieved from http://usergeneratededucation.wordpress.com/ 2013/01/04/learner-agency-technology-and-emotional-intelligence/

Government of Canada. (2013). Services for youth: Skills inventory. Retrieved from

Herod, L. (2000, October). Numeracy for adult literacy learners. Retrieved from

Laubach Literacy Bookstore.(n.d.).  Retrieved from  http://www.laubach-

McDevitt, E. (2001). How adults learn basic math. Retrieved from

Motivational Appraisal of Personal Potential (MAPP). (2014). The MAPP Career
            Assessment. Retrieved from www.assessment.com

Mueller, J. (2014). Authentic assessment toolbox. Retrieved from

Mumford, D. (2000). Planning a theme based unit. Gabriola, BC: Pacific Edge Publishing.
            Retrieved from http://www.classroomresources.com/pdf/PlanThem.pdf

Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2008). Live safe? Work smart!: Resources for cooperative
 education and other forms of experiential learning. Retrieved from

Robinson, K. (2006). How schools kill creativity. Retrieved from

Rosvold, R. (2011). It’s more than numbers: A plain language mathematics handbook.
Saskatoon, SK: READ Saskatoon.

Saskatchewan Learning. (2005). A journey of self-discovery: Facilitator’s guide to
reflection and portfolio development. Retrieved from http://ae.gov.sk.ca/Recognizing%20Prior%20Learning%20-%20A%20Journey%20to%20Self%20Discovery

Saskatchewan Literacy Network. (2008). Learner centred intake and assessment
process for literacy programs in Saskatchewan. Saskatoon, SK: Author. Retrieved from https://saskliteracy.ca/pdf_links/benchIntakeAssessmentManual.pdf

The Essential Skills Group Inc. (2013). Build your career with essential skills: Users guide.
Retrieved from http://en.careers.essentialskillsgroup.com/guides/Build_Your_Career_With_Essential_Skills_User_Guide.pdf


The Teacher Excellence in Adult Literacy (TEAL). (2012, February). Just write! Guide.
            American Institutes for Research. Retrieved from

Villanueva, A. (2007, July). Assessment of student learning. Slide presentation. Retrieved
from http://www.slideshare.net/armovil/assessment-of-student-learning?related=1

Wootton, S. (2013). Personal tutoring for the 21st century. Retrieved from


Annotated Resources for Practitioners

  • AlphaPlus is a technology-rich website administered by Ontario Adult Literacy Curriculum Framework (OALCF) with tools and resources, training webinars, e-news bulletins, and a blog.


  • Resources with short videos, interactive games, and quick references to support practitioners, tutors, and learners in the acquisition of adult literacy and numeracy skills.


  • Blogger provides step-by-step instructions to create and manage a blog


  • Resource materials for teaching financial literacy.


  • Transport driver application form.


  • a user-friendly site for learners, practitioners, and others to create blogs
  • provides classroom tools for practitioners to monitor and moderate all content.


  • promotes project-based learning with videos of classroom projects to view


  • website managed by Dr. Helen Barrett with links to research articles and resources for e-portfolio development


  • interactive practice materials with a Teacher Guide. Drop down menus for subject, skill level, and keywords provide resources on relevant subjects for adult learners.


  • e-portfolio website that can be used as a platform for classroom use
  • a personal or professional method of creating and storing information and managing multiple files. A premium subscription is $45 US/year.


  • Resources  suitable for adult literacy learners. Materials include overviews, lesson plans, themes and activities for adults and family literacy and numeracy development.


  • a website written and maintained by Richard Byrne with a variety of tools and resources, e.g. creating blogs, websites, and videos that are up-to-date and innovative


  • a questioning toolkit to help approach questions for inquiry-based learning


  • Gatehouse Books publishes reading materials for adults who are beginning readers of English.



  • Information, resources, and videos on ways to embed digital literacy across the curriculum.



  • Grass Roots Press publishes resources for practitioners and reading materials for Adult Literacy and ESL learners.


  • A digital technology rich website for learning about the process of developing e-portfolios. As a vehicle for developing skills, achievements, collaborative projects, documentaries. E-portfolios, like hard copy portfolios, represent a continuum of work.



  • General inquiry-based learning website with resources for practitioners



  • Repository of step-by-step tutorials for learning digital technology online. Good for experiential learners who learn by seeing and doing. Technical support available online or by phone. Monthly fee.



  • A guide to contextualized learning projects created by the Massachusetts Department of Education



  • Microsoft Photo Story is a free download that lets users create audiovisual presentations out of photos and images.



  • Create, store, and share a power point presentation online. Learners with limited writing skills can create a power point presentation using a digital camera, music, YouTube videos, and moving graphics.




  • Ningwakwe Learning Press is an online bookstore that publishes Indigenous literacy and cultural learning resources that meets the needs of adult learners in a holistic and culturally-relevant way.


  • Orca Book Publishers provides a list of ‘rapid reads’ suitable for adults in literacy levels 1 & 2. The list provides the equivalent grade level.



  • Padlet is free and functions like an online bulletin board accessible for learners with limited literacy skills to create post-it notes, write reflections, share images and ideas.



  • Create a free account and assemble portfolios, share learning, and create visual stories. Pathbrite provides tutorials, personal demos, and technical support.



  • A repository of free, high quality photographs, art illustrations, and graphic designs that are easily accessed by typing in a topic. Photos marked “shutterstock” can be purchased, but the majority of images are free.



  • A practical resource for practitioners to access printable worksheets and lesson plans in a variety of content areas; rubrics, tools, and tips. Free downloads or annual membership from $29.99-$49.99/year.



  • A catalogue of 1800+ Ted Talks videos for learners and practitioners.



  • A free platform for creating a website, blog, or online store. The site is user-friendly for learners and practitioners.


  • An interactive math site suitable for adult basic numeracy learners. This site also includes activities to enhance literacy acquisition and homework help.


  • YouTube tutorial on creating a wordpress video.


  • Simplified version of what project based learning (PBL) means.


  • Useful for understanding the idea of project-based learning.


  • Sheraton Hotel housekeeping video


  • Planning and preparing meals on a cruise ship


Assistive Technology


  • An assistive technology for learners with disabilities in an institutional or library setting. The website offers a free demo, webinars, videos, and resources. Kurzweil 3000 – Firefly provides a suite of powerful reading, writing, test-taking, and study skill tools that makes curricula accessible to all learners.


  • Reading Made Easy is a division of Premier Assistive Canada that markets affordable and practical tools for learners of literacy, English as an additional language, and learners with vision impairment. The website includes tutorials and free downloads. Products for home, school, and work include talking dictionaries, a talking calculator, tools for accessing information on the Internet, such as E-Text Reader and Universal Reader Plus. Write Now helps writers at all levels communicate by email, social media, and Microsoft Word documents.


  • Dragon for home or the classroom is a speech-to-text assistive technology that can be used to create documents, email and instant messages, and social media. Dragon adapts to individual voices and has a built-in text editor.